By Marc Silverman
This e-book sheds new gentle at the existence and paintings of Janusz Korczak, the 20th century humanist ethical educator and path-breaking social-pedagogue who's normally unknown within the English conversing international. within the orphanages he led in Warsaw, Poland Korczak built an cutting edge array of academic practices that encouraged young ones from damaged households being affected by critical social-interpersonal pathologies to re-form themselves throughout the 5 to seven years they lived within the orphanage. through providing its readers a scientific presentation of Korczak's worldview, academic philosophy and paintings, and exposing them to a wealthy choice of his writings, this booklet seeks to notify the English talking proficient public approximately an educator who unceasingly strived to make the area a greater position for individuals and to make larger humans for the realm.
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Extra info for A Pedagogy of Humanist Moral Education: The Educational Thought of Janusz Korczak
Korczak wished to establish an education system in which Jewish and Catholic Poles would study together, because the Jews of Poland had been active participants in the Polish struggles for national liberation from the yoke of the Czar, and had played a significant part in the national rebellion of 1863. Korczak also stated that Jews sincerely identified with the Polish nation as one that had suffered from repression and sought the national liberation to which it was entitled, and that, as individuals and collectively, the Jews contributed greatly to the positivist building of Poland as a modern, independent state.
He first expressed solidarity with the Jews of Warsaw by working as a physician in the Jewish Children’s Hospital between 1904 and 1911, with breaks, and as a supervisor at the summer camp for poor Jewish children in the summer of 1904. His total devotion to Jewish children began when he became the director of the Jewish orphanage in 1912, continuing there until August 1942, culminating in his decision to stay with the children when the Nazis deported them. Perlis wrote that Korczak would have preferred to educate children of all kinds, not just Jewish children, and that he wished he could have educated Catholic and Jewish children in the same institution, but the political and social situation in Poland at the time emphasized the differences between Catholics and Jews and encouraged their separation in many areas, the opposite of Korczak’s views.
In the children’s magazine that he founded, he 36 M. SILVERMAN wrote in support of Jewish children who refused to attend their Polish schools on the Sabbath and advised those who did not observe the Jewish tradition to conceal this from their teachers, because decent people did not respect those who did not respect their own religion (Kurtzweil 1968: 119). He was also disgusted by bourgeois Polish Jews who converted to Christianity, seeing this as lack of self-respect. He first expressed solidarity with the Jews of Warsaw by working as a physician in the Jewish Children’s Hospital between 1904 and 1911, with breaks, and as a supervisor at the summer camp for poor Jewish children in the summer of 1904.