African Women and Apartheid: Migration and Settlement in by Rebekah Lee

By Rebekah Lee

A key mechanism of apartheid in South Africa used to be the set of regulations put on the events of Africans; specifically, African ladies have been topic to lives of day-by-day surveillance and hugely regulated housing, employment and mobility. the following Lee explores the lives and tales of 3 generations of African girls in Cape city throughout the apartheid (1948-94) and post-apartheid classes. via lifestyles histories and a wealth of facts, Lee considers how African girls otherwise skilled apartheid, delivering an intimate account in their makes an attempt to find "home" within the city surroundings. many of the innovations of cost African ladies crafted over 5 many years supply a compelling portrait of edition, resilience and alter. Drawing jointly views from anthropology, historical past, human geography and improvement reviews, African girls and Apartheid could be necessary to someone with pursuits in South African tradition and society, gender, urbanization, the African family members, oral historical past and reminiscence.

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Extra info for African Women and Apartheid: Migration and Settlement in Urban South Africa (International Library of African Studies, Volume 25)

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113 However, for some women, personal hardship under the pass system led to political action. ’115 Her long history of adversity under the pass system, exacerbated by her divorce, created a bond with other protesters who also suffered. Regina Mhlekwa also marched to Cape Town that day, though she explained it was because she wanted to support her husband, who was one of the march’s leaders. But her activism was evident in other, perhaps more individualized ways: she burned her pass and frequently helped hide members of the African National Congress (ANC) when they came to Cape Town, giving them clothes to disguise their appearance so that the police would not recognize them.

That was the lesser evil. 1 Sindiwe Magona, To My Children’s Children This chapter describes Cape Town’s shifting historical and political landscape in the latter half of the twentieth century, with particular emphasis on how state policy and practice affected the lives of urban African women. As South Africa approached mid-century, restricting the movement of African women became an integral component of state attempts to structure the African labour force to meet the growing demands of capital.

By 1981 the two homelands that were the source of the majority of migrants into the Western Cape, the Ciskei and Transkei, were granted quasi-independent status. All migrants originally from these areas lost their South African citizenship and were deemed citizens of these ‘independent’ states, regardless of how long they had resided in South Africa. Furthermore, even if their children were born in an urban area of South Africa, they would no longer be able to qualify for residential rights in that area once they reached adulthood.

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