By R. Paul Thompson
People were enhancing crops and animals for millennia. The sunrise of molecular genetics, even though, has kindled excessive public scrutiny and controversy. plants, and the nutrition items which come with them, have ruled molecular amendment in agriculture. enterprises have made unsubstantiated claims and scare mongering is usual. during this textbook Paul Thompson offers a transparent account of the numerous concerns - opting for harms and advantages, analysing and dealing with hazard - which lie underneath the cacophony of public controversy. His entire research appears in particular at genetically transformed organisms, and comprises a proof of the clinical heritage, an research of ideological objections, a dialogue of criminal and moral issues, a prompt substitute - natural agriculture - and an exam of the controversy's effect on sub-Saharan African international locations. His publication may be of curiosity to scholars and different readers in philosophy, biology, biotechnology and public coverage.
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Extra resources for Agro-Technology: A Philosophical Introduction (Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy and Biology)
The most prominent arena of modiﬁcation uses animals as biofactories; animals are modiﬁed to produce a valued product. Even though the animals are domesticated farm animals, such as goats, the products are not related to food agriculture. These modiﬁed farm animals do not increase agricultural productivity or the quality of common agricultural products. Instead they are genetically modiﬁed to produce medically and industrially useful products. 4 per cent. The modiﬁcation was developed by GTC Biotherapeutics and is marketed by it under the registered name ATryn.
Chromosomes exist in matched pairs when a cell is not undergoing division, a phase known as the resting phase. Cells engage in two kinds of division: mitosis and meiosis. Mitosis results in two cells each identical to the parent cell; each has a complete set of the original matched pairs of chromosomes. Meiosis results in four cells, the nuclei of which have only one set of the original matched pair of chromosomes. These cells are called gametes; human sperm and ova are gametes. During the process of fertilisation gametes from males and females combine to create a new single cell, the nucleus of which has a complete set of matched pairs of chromosomes; normally this cell undergoes mitotic division numerous times, resulting in a mass of identical cells.
4 Molecular genetics The birth of molecular genetics dates from 1953 when James D. Watson and Francis H. C. Crick sent a letter to Nature setting out their conception of the molecular structure of deoxyribose nucleic acid (DNA: now more frequently cited as deoxyribonucleic acid) (Watson and Crick, 1953a). A longer article by Watson and Crick exploring the implications of the structure of DNA was published in Nature the following month (Watson and Crick, 1953b). Since Watson and Crick submitted the letter and paper to Nature, they are credited with the actual discovery.