By Asle Toje
This publication offers a provocative research of family members among Europe and the United States in the course of the tempestuous years 1998-2004. Analysing european overseas coverage, it concludes that the teachings learnt in interacting with the USA were an important in shaping the rising ecu strategic tradition. The e-book demanding situations demonstrated orthodoxy concerning the sui generis nature of the ecu Union. via exact case-studies, it exhibits how the U.S. encouraged judgements throughout the early life of the ecu international and safety coverage: in the course of the 1999 Kosovo warfare, the ecu and NATO expansion tactics, and the 2003 Iraq hindrance. notwithstanding, the e-book argues that even though coverage ends could be lead by way of the USA, the european is starting to be more and more convinced in settling on distinctively ‘European’ skill to accomplish those targets. those findings have vital implications for realizing either the ecu as a overseas coverage actor and of the EU-US partnership initially of the twenty first century.
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Extra resources for America, the EU and Strategic Culture: Transatlantic Security Relations after the Cold War (Contemporary Security Studies)
Unlike, for example, NATO, the EU has proved itself to be unwilling to compromise on these values when reviewing membership applications. Values are the glue that holds the EU together and are an important factor in why EU membership is so attractive to emerging democracies. The values underpinning the EU are evident in its treaties. Policy-making in the EU is a dynamic process through which interests and objectives emerge as a result of interaction at the domestic, national and European level.
As the German Foreign Minister, Joschka Fischer, put it: “The West won the Cold War by combining strategic power and a positive alternative system, by using ‘hard power’ and ‘soft power’. ”39 In this sense, the Cold War ending without violence affirmed both the American belief in its own visionary leadership as well as the cooperative values held high in European quarters. Leading voices in Europe believed that genuine European security 32 The transatlantic bargain cooperation would require the disengagement of both superpowers.
35 Relations with members of the Warsaw Pact were an area of frequent transatlantic friction. The European countries generally advocated a softer pressure than that favoured in Washington. The EPC can be seen as the first step down the road that seemed to have been closed by the failure of the EDC, leading to Maastricht and the establishment of the CFSP. 36 It took years to agree on even a token defence dimension. 37 This did not prevent the EPC’s foreign and security policies from being primarily declaratory, with scant impact on international affairs.