An Essay on the Economic Effects of the Reformation by George O'Brien

By George O'Brien

Книга An Essay at the fiscal results of the Reformation An Essay at the monetary results of the ReformationКниги Экономика Автор: George O'Brien Год издания: 2003 Формат: pdf Издат.:Ihs Press Страниц: 176 Размер: 2,9 ISBN: 0971828628 Язык: Английский 34 (голосов: 1) Оценка:This paintings deals a different viewpoint at the upward push of capitalism and socialism and the impression of the Reformation. particular issues comprise outcomes of trust within the deepest judgment of scriptures; separation of religious and secular existence; distinction among Lutheran and Calvinist teachings on economics; the Calvinist idea of vocation; its notion of fabric luck as an indication of divine election; its compliment of frugality and disdain for good looks. additionally lined is socialism as a response to excesses of capitalism; the way within which Protestantism had reinforced secular authority; diminuation of charity towards the bad following Reformation; materialism underlying socialism abetted by way of Protestant emphasis on earthly prosperity; egalitarian principles traceable to Protestantism; and the benefit with which socialism combined into Protestant inspiration. this can be a specified paintings of monetary philosophy in that it examines the ideological explanations of the industrial adjustments of the interval, hence delivering a fresh philosophical standpoint instead of in simple terms the mathematical or statistical aspects of the query.

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Two particular species of good works, common in the Middle Ages, the abolition of which had important consequences in the economic sphere, were monastic vows and almsgiving. We do not intend to deal here with the profound influence which the monastic system exerted upon the economic progress of Europe, or the far-reaching economic results of the dissolution of the monasteries at the Reformation, as this is relevant to the history of economic practice rather than of economic thought. The particular aspect of monasticism to which we refer is that of celibacy.

Indeed, in this, as in many other matters, Luther is guilty of presenting a totally false picture both of the practice and the teaching of the later medieval Church, which can be accounted for only on the hypothesis of deliberate misrepresentation or on that of crass ignorance. Recent scholarship has pointed to the 29 essay on THe eConoMIC effeCTs of THe reforMaTIon conclusion that Luther’s misleading description of later medieval society was probably due to deliberate misrepresentation, conceived with the intention of vilifying and besmirching all things Catholic and papal; but that his false account of scholastic teaching was the result of ignorance as much as of deception.

One matter to which we have already referred is the essential unity of the medieval ecclesiastical system. Whether we approve or disapprove of the Catholicism of the later Middle Ages – that is to say, of the religion of civilized Europe at that time – we must recognize that it was a living organism, closely bound up in all its parts. Its activities were manifold, and radiated in innumerable directions; but, however self-centred and independent they may have appeared, they were, in fact, directed to a common purpose and animated by a common spirit.

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